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Nutrición Hospitalaria

versión On-line ISSN 1699-5198versión impresa ISSN 0212-1611


PEREZ DE LA CRUZ, A. J.; ABILES, J.  y  PEREZ ABUD, R.. Perspectives in the design and development of new products for enteral nutrition. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2006, vol.21, suppl.2, pp.100-110. ISSN 1699-5198.

Enteral nutrition is a technique that even though it was used in times immemorial, in the last 25 years has suffered a considerable development, from being considered a secondary therapeutic weapon destined only to feed the patient, to occupying an important status that goes beyond the single act of nourishing. The quantitative composition but overall the qualitative one, is object of an interesting argument in which a profile allowing the modulation of certain aspects of the organism response through the supplementation with different nutrients is searched. That includes from the keeping of the intestinal trophism and of the anti-bacteria intestinal barrier, so important to avoid the frightening multiple organ dysfunction, up to the lessening of the Systemic Response Inflammatory Syndrome (SRIS), going through the immuno-modulative feeding concepts, specific- feeding, pharmaco-nutrient or eco-nutrition. In this new dynamic not only certain nutrients such as glutamine, arginine, nucleotides, ω-3 fatty acids and many antioxidants have acquired importance, but also the manipulation of other molecules of a non- nutritional nature, such as hormones, cytokines and blockers. These aspects that imply passionate ways of investigation for the future are born from the better knowledge that is being acquired from such a severe pathophysiology processes such as sepsis and the organism response before fast and severe aggression; therefore, the modulation of that response through changes in the quantitative and qualitative formulas composition is being attempted.

Palabras clave : Enteral nutrition; Immuno-nutrition; Cytokines; Systemic inflammatory response; Arginine; Glutamine; Nucleotides; ω-3 fatty acids.

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