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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611


ARGILES, Josep M.; BUSQUETS, Silvia; LOPEZ-SORIANO, Francisco J.  and  FIGUERAS, Maite. Psysiology of sarcopenia: Similarities and differences with neoplasic cachexia (muscle impairments in cancer and aging). Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2006, vol.21, suppl.3, pp.38-45. ISSN 1699-5198.

Muscle wasting during cancer and ageing share many common metabolic pathways and mediators. Due to the size of the population involved, both cancer cachexia and ageing sarcopenia may represent targets for future promising clinical investigations. Cancer cachexia is a syndrome characterized by a marked weight loss, anorexia, asthenia and anemia. In fact, many patients who die with advanced cancer suffer from cachexia. The degree of cachexia is inversely correlated with the survival time of the patient and it always implies a poor prognosis. In recent years, age-related diseases and disabilities have become of major health interest and importance. This holds particularly for muscle wasting, also known as sarcopenia, that decreases the quality of life of the geriatric population, increasing morbidity and decreasing life expectancy. More research should be devoted to the understanding of muscle wasting mediators (associated with both depletion of fat stores and muscular tissue), both in cancer and ageing, in particular the identification of common mediators may prove as a good therapeutic strategies for both prevention and treatment of wasting both in disease and during healthy ageing.

Keywords : Cancer cachexia; Mediators; Muscle wasting; Cytoquines; Ageing.

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