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vol.21 suppl.3Physiologic particularities of muscle impairments in the patient with COPDGlobal therapeutic approach of muscle dysfunction in COPD author indexsubject indexarticles search
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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611


SAULEDA ROIG, J.. Clinic consequences of the muscle dysfunction in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2006, vol.21, suppl.3, pp.69-75. ISSN 1699-5198.

The function of respiratory muscles, and mainly inspiratorymuscles, is impaired in COPD patients. Most of these impairments are essentially due to pulmonary hyperinflation that puts these muscles in a disadvantageous situation. The main consequence of this dysfunction is respiratory muscle fatigue that may cause shortness of breath, exertion intolerance, and hypoventilation with onset of hypercapnic respiratory failure. This function may be measured at the pulmonary function laboratory by means of unspecific (spirometry, pulmonary volumes) or specific tests (maxim respiratory pressures [MIP - M], transdiaphragmatic pressure, tension-time index of the diaphragm, electromyography, or endura tests). Therapy should aim at improving hyperinflation with bronchodilator therapy, improving muscular strength with rehabilitation, and in severe cases muscle rest with mechanical ventilation. Peripheral muscle dysfunction is a common complication in moderate-severe COPD, and it may be the result of chronic inactivity, hypoxemia, electrolytic impairments, under nutrition, steroids, oxidative stress, and systemic inflammation. Besides, it may contribute to patients' quality of life worsening, disability, and even an increase in morbimortality. It may tested by impedanciometry, muscle strength tests (dynamometry), imaging tests, and even muscle biopsy in research studies. Peripheral muscle dysfunction is potentially manageable with rehabilitation, nutritional supplementation, and anabolic drugs. However, therapeutic success is often incomplete, so that further studies with new therapeutic strategies are needed.

Keywords : Quadriceps; Under nutrition; Diaphragm; Exercise; COPD; Muscle fatigue; Dynamic hyperinflation; Respiratory muscles; Peripheral muscle; Rehabilitation.

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