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vol.21 suppl.3Clinical consequences of neuromuscular impairments in critically ill patientsContribution of nutritional support to treatment neuromuscular impairments of critically ill patients author indexsubject indexarticles search
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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611


ORTIZ LEYBA, C.. Pharmacological treatment neuromuscular impairments in critically ill patients. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2006, vol.21, suppl.3, pp.114-117. ISSN 1699-5198.

The use of drugs for treating neuromuscular impairments that present in the patient admitted to the Intensive Care Unit is virtually inexistent. The use of intravenous immunoglobulins for managing polyneuropathy of the critically ill patient (PCIP) is supported by no evidence. More important is prophylactic therapy, as is the administration of insulin perfusion to prevent hyperglycemia that is associated to increased development of PCIP. New data suggest that the protective mechanism of this perfusion, which normalizes glucose levels, is achieved through the modulation of endothelial dysfunction and lowering levels of asymmetrical di-methyl arginine (ADMA). As for myopathy of the critically ill patient or conditions with prolonged neuromuscular blockade, treatment consists in avoiding the use of several drugs known to be associated with development of these conditions, such as muscle relaxants and aminoglycosides. In relation to acute flaccid paralysis -an infection caused by the Western Nile Virus, anecdotic cases have been reported of improvement with the use steroids or interferon, although routine management remains to be established.

Keywords : Polyneuropathy; Myopathy; Critical; Acute flaccid paralysis; Insulin; Immunoglobulins.

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