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Nutrición Hospitalaria

versión On-line ISSN 1699-5198versión impresa ISSN 0212-1611


MORALES ALCOVER, O.; OCHOA HERRERA, J. J.; LOPEZ-FRIAS, M.  y  MATAIX VERDU, J.. Vitamin intake in the adult population of the Andalusian Atonomous Community. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2007, vol.22, n.1, pp.108-111. ISSN 1699-5198.

Background: The aim of this study was to know the intake of vitamin A of the Andalusian population and its distribution by gender and age. Study setting: The sample size was 3680 healthy individuals, from both genders, residents and registered at census of the Autonomous Community of Andalusia, with a multi-step, stratified and probabilistic study. Subjects: Men and women with ages between 25-60 years, both included. Interventions: By means of a personal interview, health habits of the individuals interviewed were gathered, and a dietary questionnaire was undertaken, which consisted, in the first place, of a 48-hour remembering analyzing dietary intake of each selected individual determining not only the type and quantity of foods consumed but also the way of cooking them and other ingredients, and distributing them according to the different daily meals. Results: Mean Vitamin A intake in Andalusia is 800,63 mg/day. Men have greater intake than women, although the values for both genders are under the recommended (RI) ones. Vitamin A intake decreases with age in men, whereas in women the age group 50-69 years is the one having the lowest intake. 8,84% of women and 15,22% of men have intakes lower than 1/3 of de RI, which may be considered a high risk factor. The percentages of individuals having a likely risk of inadequate vitamin A ingestion (values lower than 2/3 of RI) are considerably high among the Andalusian population. Conclusions: Mean global intake of vitamin A in Andalusia is acceptable although about 40% of the population may be at risk of inappropriate ingestion, this condition being more pronounced for men.

Palabras clave : Vitamin A; Dietary intake; Foods.

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