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Nutrición Hospitalaria

versión On-line ISSN 1699-5198versión impresa ISSN 0212-1611


RODRIGUEZ-MARTIN, A.; NOVALBOS RUIZ, J. P.; MARTINEZ NIETO, J. M.  y  ESCOBAR JIMENEZ, L.. Life-style factors associated with overweight and obesity among Spanish adults. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2009, vol.24, n.2, pp.144-151. ISSN 1699-5198.

Objectives: To assess the relationship between life styles and eating habits with the overweight and obesity prevalencein a Spanish adult population. Methods: A population-based, cross-sectional study conducted on 2640 subjects older than 15 years, in Cádiz (Spain). Surveys were conducted in subjects' homes to obtain life styles, eating habits, and anthropometric data. Logistic regression has been used to study the associationbetween the life style variables and overweight and obesity. Results: Prevalence of overweight and obesity in Cadiz is 37% and 17%, respectively; higher in males and increases with age. BMI has an inverse relationship with educational level (PR = 2.3, 1.57-2.38). The highest levels of obesity are associated with daily alcohol consumption (PR = 1.39, 1.29-1.50), greater consumption of television,and sedentary pursuit (PR 1.5, 1.07-1.24). A lower prevalence of obesity is observed among those with active physical activity (10.9% vs 21.6%), with differences between sex. Following a slimming diet is more frequent in the obese and in women but dedicate more hours than men to passive activities. In men is greater the consumption of alcohol, high energy foods and snacks. Overweight and obesity is associated with the male sex (OR = 3.35 2.75-4.07), high consumption of alcohol (OR = 1.38 1.03-1.86) and watching television (OR = 1.52 1.11-2.07), and foods likes bread and cereals (OR = 1.47 1.13-1.91). Exercise activities is a protective factor (OR = 0.76 0.63-0.98). Conclusions: Life styles factors associated with overweight and obesity present different patterns in men and women and is necessary to understand them to identify areas for behavioural intervention in overweight and obesity patients.

Palabras clave : Obesity; Nutrition; Assessment; Life style; Epidemiology; Adult; Nutrition disorders.

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