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Nutrición Hospitalaria

versión On-line ISSN 1699-5198versión impresa ISSN 0212-1611


JIMENEZ TORRES, N. V. et al. Antineoplastic oral agents and drug-nutrient interactions: a sistematic review. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2009, vol.24, n.3, pp.260-272. ISSN 1699-5198.

Introduction: studies on bioavailability are part of the clinical development of drugs for oral use in order to identify potential drug-food interactions. For oral antitumor drugs, their clinical importance is currently recognized although regrettably the information available presents variability concerning the scientific evidence. Objectives: To review the available scientific evidence about oral anti-tumor medications and establish the recommendations for their administration with foods. Methods: We carried out a bibliographic search in Medline and The Cochrane Library for the period January of 1966 to March of 2008, focused on identifying those publications about drug-food interactions with oral antitumor medications. The bibliographical analysis was made in two steps. During the first phase, we excluded those articles in which the title or their content did not correspond with the objective settled; during the second phase, we deleted all the references duplicated in both databases. The inclusion criteria to select the articles were: design (systematic reviews, meta-analysis, Phase I and Phase II randomized clinical trials), population (adult patients; >19 years of age), intervention evaluated (administration of oral anti-tumor drugs under fasting conditions or with food) and measurement of the iFA results (calculation of the 90% CI of the odds ratio between the geometric mean of the values under the curve of the plasma concentrations (ABC) or the maximal plasma concentration (Cmax) with and without foods). We excluded those publications that did not make reference to the bioequivalence dictamen established by the Food and Drugs Administration (FDA) in their outcomes measurement. A critical appraisal of the selected articles was done according to the recommendations that the FDA established to be met by these studies. Results: At the initial search we obtained 850 references (98.5% Medline + and 1.4% Cochrane). During the first phase, we excluded 87.7% (746) of the articles, 100% of them corresponding to the search in Medline. During the second phase, 40 studies remained (5.2% of the initial ones) for full-text critical appraisal, to which four studies were added not indexed in Medline. From the critical appraisal of the 44 final articles, 25 were excluded (20 original articles, 4 short communications, and 1 meta-analysis) because they did not include as an outcome measure the bioequivalence dictamen. The 19 (2.2%) remaining articles provided information on 19 oral anti-tumor drugs in 210 patients and 146 healthy volunteers. Of these 19 drugs, 63% did not present drugfood interactions, with the possibility of administering them either with or without food; 21% have to be administered with foods and only 16% present drug-food interactions, so they have to be administered without foods. Discussion: Currently, the clinical importance of drugfood interactions with oral anti-tumor drugs is identified more directly with the patient's safety than with the efficacy of the therapy. Given the development of these oral agents, their incorporation into the oncologic strategy displacing parenteral therapy, with monthly costs of thousands of Euros, it is necessary to perform well-designed studies on pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics. Their goal has to be comparing their bioavailability in the presence or absence of foods with the clinical response. In the meanwhile, to establish recommendations for their administration in relation to foods is inconsistent for some of these drugs and their results is uncertain given the lack of studies based on the FDAbioequivalence dictamen.

Palabras clave : Anti-tumor agents; Effects of foods; Oral chemotherapy; Pharmacokinetics; Systematic review.

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