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Nutrición Hospitalaria

versión On-line ISSN 1699-5198versión impresa ISSN 0212-1611


JAUREGUI LOBERA, I.  y  BOLANOS RIOS, P.. Choice of diet in patients with anorexia nervosa. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2009, vol.24, n.6, pp.682-687. ISSN 1699-5198.

Objective: To analyse the diets chosen by anorexic patients and a control group, assessing several nutritional aspects. Method: Forty-four outpatients with an initial diagnosis of restrictive anorexia nervosa (normal BMI at the time of the study) and 34 undergraduates chose their diet from a list of common foods. Nutritional content, frequency of consumption, and influence of illness and treatment duration on the diet chosen were all analysed. Results: Patients' diets had a lower caloric content (P = 0.01). Their diets were also lower in niacin (P = 0.03), vitamin B12 (P = 0.04), sodium (P = 0.003), zinc (P = 0.04), phosphorus, copper and selenium (P = 0.01). Frequency of consumption was lower among patients for bread and cereals, meat and cured meats (P = 0.01), sweet foods (P = 0.001), and fatty and fried foods (P = 0.05), but higher for vegetables (P = 0.01). Discussion: Patients tend to maintain some characteristic eating patterns and modify others, not so much in terms of therapeutic objectives but, rather, as a way of following more closely the usual eating patterns of the context.

Palabras clave : Diet; Anorexia nervosa; Nutrients; Micronutrients; Fat.

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