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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611


APARICIO, V. A. et al. Fitness, fatness and cardiovascular profile in South Spanish and North Moroccan women. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2012, vol.27, n.1, pp.227-231. ISSN 1699-5198.

Introduction: We studied the differences on physical fitness, fatness and cardiovascular profile in Spanish and Moroccan women. Material and methods: The study comprised 63 and 58 women aged 45-65 years from South of Spain and North of Morocco, respectively. We assessed fitness and body composition using standard procedures. We also assessed resting heart rate (RHR), blood pressure, fasting glucose, total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol and triglycerides. Results and discussion: Moroccan women had a better performance in the main health-related physical fitness components, i.e. higher levels of cardiorespiratory fitness (P = 0.01) and (lower-body) muscular strength (P < 0.001). Diastolic blood pressure (P = 0.004), RHR and total cholesterol (both P = 0.04) were lower in Moroccan women. No differences were observed in the prevalence of metabolic syndrome. Conclusions: The women from Morocco had a healthier fitness and cardiovascular profile than the women from Spain. Further research on physical fitness and other health indicators in understudied populations is needed.

Keywords : Body composition; Physical fitness; Cardiovascular profile; Moroccan; Spanish; Women.

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