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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611


DURA-GURPIDE, Beatriz  and  DURA-TRAVE, Teodoro. Nutritional analysis of dietary patterns in students of primary education with normal nutritional status. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2014, vol.29, n.6, pp.1311-1319. ISSN 1699-5198.

Objective: To perform a nutritional assessment of the dietary model in a group of primary school students (9-12 years) with a normal nutritional status. Material and methods: Recording of food consumption of two consecutive school days in a sample of 353 primary school students (188 boys and 165 girls) with normal nutritional situation. The intake of energy, macronutrients, minerals, and vitamins was calculated and compared with the recommended intakes. Results: The mean value of daily caloric intake was 2,066.9 kcal. Grains (33%), dairy products (19%) and meats (17%) represented 70% of the total caloric intake. Proteins contributed with 20.3% of the caloric intake, sugars 48.8%, lipids 30.9%, and saturated fats 12.6%. Cholesterol intake was excessive and 2/3 of the caloric intake was of animal origin. The mean intake of calcium, iodine and A, D and E vitamins were lower than de recommended dietary intakes. Conclusions: The dietary model of the primary school students with normal nutritional status varies from the Mediterranean prototype, with an excessive intake of meats, limited intake of grains and dairy products, and deficient intake of vegetables, fruits, legumes, and fishes. This leads to an increase in the intake of proteins and fats from animals with a detriment of complex carbohydrates and a deficient intake of calcium, iodine, and vitamins A, D y E.

Keywords : Dietary survey; Students; Nutritional status; Dietary model; Diet assessment; Dietary patterns; Nutritional status; School children.

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