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Nutrición Hospitalaria

versión On-line ISSN 1699-5198versión impresa ISSN 0212-1611


ORGILES, Mireia; SANZ, Isabel; PIQUERAS, José Antonio  y  ESPADA, José Pedro. Differences in eating habits and physical activity in a sample of preadolescent depending on their weight category. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2014, vol.30, n.2, pp.306-313. ISSN 1699-5198.

Background: Obesity is a problem with serious implications for the physical, psychological and social health that affects millions of children and adolescents worldwide. This study wants to obtain updated prevalence data of obesity and overweight in adolescents from 10 to 12 years old in the province of Alicante, information on eating habits, physical activity and selected sociodemographic variables. It is important to examine their relation with children's obesity and overweight or at risk of suffering it. Methods: A total of 623 preteens participated, 49.9% male and 50.1% female. The IBM was determined following the WHO Child Growth Standards. Results: It was found a high prevalence of obesity and overweight in our province: 20.4% and 34% respectively. The results showed no statistically significant differences between the categories by sex, age and educational level of parents. Regarding eating habits and of physical exercise, the results suggest that children with normal weight make more meals per day, and boys with normal weight eat more often in school canteens. Also it s suggest that boys with normal weight perform exercise more often than those who are overweight and obese, and obese girls use more hours of sedentary leisure than overweight girls. Conclusion: The results reinforce the need to develop effective prevention and early intervention programs for childhood obesity.

Palabras clave : Obesity; Overweight; Child; Teen; Eating habits; Physical exercise.

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