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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611


FERNANDEZ-RUIZ, Virginia E. et al. Prevalence of metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular risk in an urban area of Murcia. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2014, vol.30, n.5, pp.1077-1083. ISSN 1699-5198.

Introduction: It is extensive scientific literature that has defined the metabolic syndrome as a precursor of cardiovascular disease. Objectives: To estimate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular risk in the population of a basic health area of Murcia Methods: Cross sectional study population of the district health "The Esparragal" random sample of the population between 18 and 86 years living in the area. Personal history were collected and held a relevant clinical, anthropometric data and analytics for the estimation of Metabolic Syndrome and Cardiovascular Risk following criteria dictated by the current literature, adjusted for sex and age. Results: The mean age of the study population was 59.34 ± 14.79 years, with 52.5% males. The overall prevalence of metabolic syndrome criteria World Health Organization is presented 36.8%, a figure increased under International Diabetes Ferderation recommendations to 58.2% and according to National Cholesterol Education Program, an estimated 53.5%. The presentation of this syndrome is slightly higher in men (54.1 versus 52.8 %), and in parallel with increasing age (p < 0.001). The prevalence of people at high risk of cardiovascular disease is 32.1 % (95 % CI 29.4 to 34.8), with 45.2 % (95% CI 41.2 to 49.2) in men and 17.6% (95% CI 14.4 to 20.8) in women. Discussion: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular risk in the study population is the highest found in Spain in population studies, indicating an invaluable population on which preventive measures.

Keywords : Epidemiology; Metabolic Syndrome; Cardiovascular Risk; Murcia.

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