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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611


SAN MAURO MARTIN, Ismael; GARICANO VILAR, Elena; COLLADO YURRUTIA, Luis  and  CIUDAD CABANAS, María José. Is gluten the great etiopathogenic agent of disease in the XXI Century?. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2014, vol.30, n.6, pp.1203-1210. ISSN 1699-5198.

Introduction: Gluten is a glycoprotein present in some cereals. The incidence of disorders related to gluten, including the EC, is increasing, even pathologies far from an etiology or treatment with GFD. Aims: Review the scientific literature related to the ingestion of gluten and pathogenesis of different diseases. Methods: A literature search in major scientific database. Results: We obtained from the following diseases, gluten ataxia, multiple sclerosis, autism spectrum disorder, schizophrenia, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, depressive disorders, headaches, irritable bowel syndrome, fibromyalgia, dermatitis herpetiformis and epilepsy, studies in which either a determination of gliadin was refered or a treatment, with/without gluten, was applied and evaluated. Conclusion: The ingestion of gluten seems to be related to disease, when there is no EC, SGNC or wheat allergy. Suspicions about the benefit of GFD as a complementary treatment is borne in semi-clinical trials and cohorts, either as a causal factor in the pathogenesis, or improvement of symptoms.

Keywords : Gluten; Gliadin; Glucoproteins; Glutenin; Intolerance.

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