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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611


FERNANDEZ CASTILLO, Rafael; FERNANDEZ GALLEGOS, Ruth  and  ZARAGOZA FERNANDEZ, Gloria María. Longitudinal study of the metabolic syndrome after kidney transplantation. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2015, vol.31, n.3, pp.1142-1146. ISSN 1699-5198.

Background: The occurence of the metabolic syndrome (MS) between the renal receptors is one of the major complications after transplantation and is associated with an increased risk of graft failure and high rates of obesity and diabetes new appearance. Aims: This study aims to investigate the prevalence and risk factors associated with the development of the MS and to evaluate the association between the same with the allograft dysfunction. Methods: The samples consisted of 138 renal transplant patients, 83 men and 55 women, kidney transplant, which was attended by over five years for the transplant consultation. Were analyzed as potential risk factors for MS: age, sex, body mass index (BMI), weight, hypertension, diabetes, LDL, HDL, triglycerides in serum and immunosuppressive therapy (cyclosporine, tacrolimus, mycophenolate mofetil), was also assessed the prevalence of acute rejection episodes and renal function. Results: The prevalence of MS was 39.85 %. As statistically significant risk factors were obtained the BMI, overweight, HDL cholesterol levels, triglycerides and LDL as well as hypertension and diabetes. There were high rates of acute rejection and differences in story to the glomerular filtration rate. Conclusions: There is a high prevalence of the MS that severely compromised renal function and graft survival in renal transplant patients, it is very important the control and strict monitoring of all risk factors identified.

Keywords : Trasplante renal; Obesidad; Dislipemia; Síndrome Metabólico; Índice de Masa Corporal; Kidney transplantation; Obesity; Dyslipidemia; Metabolic Syndrome; Body Mass Index.

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