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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611


CARVALHO, Cláudia Mesquita de et al. Nutritional adequacy in subjects with metabolic syndrome. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2015, vol.31, n.3, pp.1147-1153. ISSN 1699-5198.

Introduction: The nutritional approach in the treatment of metabolic syndrome is a fundamental factor. It is important to raise awareness to patients about the benefits of following the treatments when you want to promote changes in lifestyle. Objective: The aim of this study was to assess nutritional adequacy in subjects with metabolic syndrome according to the dietary recommendations prescribed. Methods: Quasi-experimental research with 72 subjects with metabolic syndrome, held in southern Brazil. A nutritional orientation was conducted, related or not with physical exercise for three months. A 24-hour recall and two-day food record, were the reference method of dietary intake assessment. Nutritional adequacy was determined by the energy and nutrient intakes as defined by the Brazilian Food Guide Pyramid groups. Results: Volunteers reached on average 80% of the energy consumption recommended. Protein and lipid intake was higher, and carbohydrate consumption was lower than recommended levels. There was a low intake of cereals, vegetables, dairy product and beans (p<0.001) as compared with the recommended servings. A high consumption of meat (p<0.001) and an adequate intake of fruit (p=0.149) were observed. Conclusion: The dietary intake was insufficient to meet the recommendation of energy, although the goal for weight loss was achieved. Still, the results show the need for a balance in food intake and quality of the diet to achieve nutritional adequacy.

Keywords : Metabolic syndrome X; Nutrition therapy; Diet therapy; Risk factors; Nutritional requirements.

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