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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611


PINHEIRO VOLP, Ana Carolina; SANTOS SILVA, Fernanda Cacilda  and  BRESSAN, Josefina. Hepatic inflammatory biomarkers and its link with obesity and chronic diseases. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2015, vol.31, n.5, pp.1947-1956. ISSN 1699-5198.

Introduction: The low-grade inflammation and insulin resistance are two events that could be present in varying degrees, on obesity and chronic diseases. The degree of subclinical inflammation can be gauged by measuring the concentrations of some inflammatory biomarkers, including the hepatic origin ones. Some of those biomarkers are sialic acid, á1-antitrypsin and the C-terminal fragment of alpha1-antitrypsin, ceruloplasmin, fibrinogen, haptoglobin, homocystein and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1. Objectives: To approach the relation between adiposity and hepatic inflammatory markers, and to assess the possible associations between hepatic inflammatory biomarkers and obesity, as well as their capacity of predicting chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes and atherotrombotic cardiovascular diseases. Methods: We used electronic scientific databases to select articles without restricting publication year. Results: The sialic acid predicts the chance increase to become type2 diabetic independently of BMI. Moreover, the α1-antitripsin, ceruloplasmin, fibrinogen and haptoglobulin biomarkers, seem predict the chance increase to become type2 diabetic, dependently, of BMI. So, this process could be aggravated by obesity. The concentrations of fibrinogen, homocystein and PAI-1 increase proportionally to insulin resistance, showing its relation with metabolic syndrome (insulin resistance state) and with type2 diabetes. In relation to cardiovascular diseases, every biomarkers reported in this review seem to increase the risk, becoming useful in add important prognostic. Conclusion: This review integrates the knowledge concerning the possible interactions of inflammatory mediators, in isolation or in conjunction, with obesity and chronic diseases, since these biomarkers play different functions and follow diverse biochemical routes in human body metabolism.

Keywords : Obesity; Insulin resistance; Inflammation; Diabetes; Cardiovascular diseases.

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