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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611


DUSSAILLANT, Catalina et al. Unhealthy food intake is linked to higher prevalence of metabolic syndrome in chilean adult population: cross sectional study in 2009-2010 National Health Survey. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2015, vol.32, n.5, pp.2098-2104. ISSN 1699-5198.

Introduction: metabolic syndrome (MS) is a clustering of risk factors known to promote cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Environmental factors, such as unhealthy diet, play a major role in the development of this condition. In this study, we evaluated the prevalence of MS and its association with food intake quality among Chilean adults. Methods: we analyzed data of 2 561 adults (. 18 years-old) included in the last National Health Survey (NHS 2009-2010) who had appropriate information to diagnose MS based on ATP III-NCEP guidelines. Consumption frequency of fish, whole grains, dairy, fruits and vegetables was also analyzed and associated with MS prevalence. Using a healthy diet score (HDS), we described the overall diet quality and further correlated it with MS prevalence. Results: we found that lower whole grain intake was associated with greater MS prevalence (OR = 1.78; 95% CI: 1.088-2.919; p = 0.022). HDS showed better diet quality among women and in subjects with increasing age and higher educational level. A HDS < 3 points was associated with an increased risk of MS (OR HDS < 3 / HDS ≥3 = 3.69; 95% CI 1.884-7.225, p < 0.001). Conclusion: Chilean adult population exhibits a high prevalence of MS linked to a poor diet quality.

Keywords : Metabolic syndrome; Prevalence; Food intake; Diet quality.

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