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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611


SAN MAURO MARTIN, Ismael; CEVALLOS, Vanesa; PINA ORDUNEZ, Diana  and  GARICANO VILAR, Elena. Nutritional, anthropometrical and psychological aspects in rhythmic gymnastics. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2016, vol.33, n.4, pp.865-871. ISSN 1699-5198.

Introduction: There are frequent changes in the supply of female child population, especially in aesthetic sports athletes by pressure to maintain a body. Objectives: The aim was to evaluate nutritional, anthropometric and weight perception aspects of girls who perform rhythmic gymnastics. Methods: 25 gymnast girls were compared to 25 control girls (control). Anthropometric assessment was done by ISAK protocol and nutrition through a seven-day dietary record; as well as a quantitative and qualitative assessment of dietary intake by the DIAL software. Nutritional assessment was performed using a seven days dietary record. A quantitative and qualitative assessment of food intake was conducted, using DIAL software. An ad hoc questionnaire to assess their perception of weight was completed. Results: Anthropometric data showed no significant differences between the study groups except for skinfolds and fat percentage, which was statistically lower in gymnast girls. Energy intake (1,413 ± 283 kcal/day) of gymnasts was lower than recommended by the Food and Nutrition Board, according to their age. Distribution of macronutrients was in the range of normal values (10-30% proteins, 45-65% carbohydrates, 20-35% fat). 32% of gymnasts and 36.4% of control girls felt they should weigh less. Conclusion: Considering the activity carried out by gymnasts, their energy requirements should conform to it, as this will contribute to their development and growth, and also to better perform their activity. Gymnasts' food consumption is far from a balanced diet. No different behaviors were observed in the perception of weight between the two groups.

Keywords : Nutrition; Rhythmic gymnastics; Adolescents; Psychology.

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