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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611


HIGUERA-PULGAR, Isabel et al. Dietary intake for adult eosinophilic esophagitis patients following a six-food-groups elimination diet. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2016, vol.33, n.4, pp.879-886. ISSN 1699-5198.

Introduction: Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is an emerging chronic immune/antigen mediated inflammatory disease in adults. It develops as a dysfunctional response to food antigens and is characterized by recurrent symptoms of esophageal dysfunction and inflammation. Drug and dietary treatment are based on its pathogenesis and should be individualized. One of the possible dietary approaches is based on empirical elimination of foods which most commonly cause EoE. Objective: To evaluate dietary intake of patients who follow the diet consisting of the exclusion of six food groups (DESGA) and to know its potential nutritional deficiencies. Methods: Cross-sectional study of patients who started treatment with DESGA diet between March 2013 and March 2015. A 72 h dietary record was completed. The results were compared with the references for the Spanish healthy adult population Moreiras, 2013. Statistical analysis included Mann-Whitney, Kruskal-Wallis and Chi-square tests. Significance was set at p < 0.05. Results: The study included 14 patients. For some of them, the DESGA diet was deficient inenergy, protein and fiber. Taking into account age and sex, sixty percent of the sample did not get adequate amount of calcium, zinc, magnesium, folic acid, niacin, vitamin B2 and vitamin D. Conclusions: Considering the characteristics of the DESGA diet, this therapeutic approach must be accompanied by a periodic assessment of nutritional status, including micronutrients and a pattern of specific supplementation.

Keywords : Eosinophilic esophagitis; Dietary intake; Dietary treatment.

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