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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611


SANTALIESTRA-PASIAS, Alba M.; BEL-SERRAT, Silvia; MORENO, Luis A.  and  BUENO, Gloria. Consumption of dairy products in youth: does it protect from cardio-metabolic risk?. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2016, vol.33, suppl.4, pp.32-36. ISSN 1699-5198.

Introduction: The high prevalence of obesity in children and adolescents is considered as a major global health concern and involves the onset of other comorbidities such as hypertension, dyslipidemia, chronic inflammation and hyperinsulinemia, which are also considered as cardiovascular diseases risk factors. Several studies have observed that consumption of dairy products has a protective role on the development of cardiovascular diseases; however, the scientific evidence on this topic is very limited among children and adolescents. Objectives: To investigate the association between dairy products consumption and cardiovascular risk factors in young populations. Material and methods: The most up-to-date literature was reviewed, including some data from the HELENA (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence) study. A sample of adolescents (12.5-17.5 years) from 8 European cities was considered for the analysis. Results: US data showed a decrease in both number of servings and portion sizes of milk consumption. Within the HELENA study, dairy products emerged as the food group that better distinguished those adolescents at lower cardiovascular diseases risk. Among the HELENA adolescents, higher consumption of milk, yogurt and milk- and yogurt-based beverages was associated with lower body fat, lower risk for cardiovascular diseases, and higher cardiorespiratory fitness. Conclusions: More studies are needed to provide more evidence and to better understand the intrinsic mechanisms of the association between dairy products consumption, especially yogurt consumption, and obesity, diabetes, and other cardiovascular diseases risk factors.

Keywords : Dairy products; Obesity; Cardiovascular diseases; Childhood; Adolescence; HELENA.

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