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Nutrición Hospitalaria

versión On-line ISSN 1699-5198versión impresa ISSN 0212-1611


FLORES-PENA, Yolanda et al. The association between maternal perception of her child weight and maternal feeding styles. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2017, vol.34, n.1, pp.51-58. ISSN 1699-5198.

Introduction: Mothers do not recognize when their child is overweight or obese (OW-OB), and the evidence suggests a relationship between inadequate maternal perception of her child weight (MPCW), and maternal feeding style (MFS). Objectives: a) To assess the reliability of the Caregiver Feeding Style Questionnaire (CFSQ); b) to verify association between MPCW and child' nutritional status; c) to describe the MFS; d) to verify differences between MPCW and child's body mass index (BMI); e) and to verify the association between MPCW and MFS. Methods: 566 dyads participated (mother/preschool child). Mothers circle the image that more resembled their child (MPCW), and answered the CFSQ. Cronbach alpha coefficient was calculated. V Cramer, ANOVA and Chi-square were applied. Results: The internal consistency of CFSQ was 0.88. The 8.4% (n = 12) mothers of children are OW-OB had adequate MPCW (V = 0.26, p = 0.001). The most frequent MFS was authoritarian (34.5%, n = 195), MFS uninvolved presented the highest child' BMI (F = 3.91, p < 0.05). When mothers perceive her child is OW-OB have a MFS uninvolved (χ2 = 15,384, df = 6, p < 0.05). Conclusions: Mothers of children with OW-OB have an inadequate MPCW and more frequently have a MFS authoritarian. When the mother perceive their child is OW-OB has MFS uninvolved. Interventions to help the mothers to recognize their child is OW-OB and teaching strategies that promote MFS authoritative are recommended.

Palabras clave : Childhood obesity; Body weight; Weight perception; Mother and child relations.

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