SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.34 issue2Effect of satiety on body composition and anxiety in university athletes: cohort studyAssessment of individual carotenoid and vitamin A dietary intake in overweight and obese Dominican subjects author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links

  • On index processCited by Google
  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO
  • On index processSimilars in Google


Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611


MARTIN-PALMERO, Ángela et al. Malnutrition in hospitalized patients: results from La Rioja. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2017, vol.34, n.2, pp.402-406. ISSN 1699-5198.


There is a high malnutrition prevalence in hospitalized patients.


To determine the malnutrition prevalence in hospitalized patients of La Rioja Community (Spain) when evaluated with different screening/evaluation tools and its relationship with hospital stay and mortality.


Cross sectional observational study of hospitalized adult patients (age > 18 years old) from medical and surgical departments that underwent within 72 h of their admission a nutritional screening with Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST), Nutritional Risk Screening (NRS) 2002, Controlling Nutritional Status (CONUT) y Subjective Global Assessment (SGA).


384 patients (273 medical and 111 surgical) were evaluated. Almost fifty percent of them were considered malnourished independently of the screening/assessment tool used. High concordance was found between SGA and NRS-2002 (k = 0.758). Malnourished patients had a longer hospital stay than those well-nourished (9.29 vs. 7.10 days; p = 0.002), used a greater number of medicines (9.2 vs. 7.4; p = 0.001) and underwent a higher number of diagnostic tests (16.4 vs. 12.5; p = 0,002).


Half of the hospitalized patients in the medical and surgical department of La Rioja are malnourished. This is associated with a longer hospital stay, higher use of medicines, diagnostics tests and greater mortality. Malnutrition could be detected with easy screening tools to treat it appropriately.

Keywords : Hospital malnutrition; Nutritional status; Nutritional screening; Nutritional assessment.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in English     · English ( pdf )