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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611


CASTRO, Kamila et al. Body composition of patients with autism spectrum disorder through bioelectrical impedance. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2017, vol.34, n.4, pp.875-879. ISSN 1699-5198.

Background: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by deficits in sociability, communication, and limited repertoire of interests and behaviors. Objectives: We aimed to investigate the nutritional status through bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) and antrophometrics variables in 63 ASD children and adolescents (10.5 ± 4.1 years; 81% male). Materials and methods: Anthropometric variables were weight, height, and waist circumference (WC); body composition (fat mass, fat free mass) and phase angle (PA) were obtained through BIA. Results: The body mass index showed a prevalence of overweight, obesity and underweight of 38.9, 36.5 and 15.8%, respectively. According to the body fat percentual, obesity prevalence was 49.2%, and 49.2% showed WC > 80th percentile for age. Eleven patients presented lower PA values than references. Conclusion: According to the these parameters, a large percentual of ASD children and adolescents in this sample had total overweight and obesity and truncal adiposity, which causes concern, as well as the percentage of underweight participants.

Keywords : Autism spectrum disorder; Body composition; Nutritional status; Nutrition.

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