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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611


RANGEL CABALLERO, Luis Gabriel; GAMBOA DELGADO, Edna Magaly  and  MURILLO LOPEZ, Alba Liliana. Prevalence of modifiable behavioral risk factors associated to non-communicable diseases in Latin American college students: a systematic review. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2017, vol.34, n.5, pp.1185-1197. ISSN 1699-5198.

Introduction: Physical inactivity, smoking, harmful use of alcohol and an unhealthy diet are considered by the World Health Organization (WHO) as the four main behavioral risk factors that increase the risk of suffering non-communicable diseases. Objective: To describe the prevalence of the behavioral risk factors in college students according to the scientific database analyzed. Materials and methods: A systematic review was carried out with 585 articles analyzed through electronic search in academic databases. After the analysis, 93 studies that fulfill the inclusion criteria were selected. Results: The final mean of the prevalence found in the articles analyzed was of 52,57% ± 22,53% for physical inactivity, 22,61% ± 12,91% for smoking, 26,2 (RI 24,5) for harmful use of alcohol and 81,3% ± 16,3% for low intake of fruits and vegetables. Conclusions: The results show the existence of an unhealthy lifestyle in Latin-American college students.

Keywords : Physical activity; Binge drinking; Smoking; Low intake of fruits and vegetables; College students.

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