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Nutrición Hospitalaria

versión On-line ISSN 1699-5198versión impresa ISSN 0212-1611


LOPEZ PLAZA, Bricia  y  BERMEJO LOPEZ, Laura María. Nutrition and immune system disorders. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2017, vol.34, suppl.4, pp.68-71. ISSN 1699-5198.

Introduction: Energy and nutrients obtained through food play an important role in the development and preservation of the immune system therefore any nutritional imbalance affects its competence and integrity. Objectives: knowing the nutritional approach on different disorders of the immune system. Methods: A review has been carried out on the most prevalent immunological disorders in developed countries, the nutritional characteristics to which they are associated and their nutritional approach. Results: Nutritional treatment for immune disorders has focused in recent years on the role of PUFA-ω3 and vitamin D. Maintaining body weight, preventing malnutrition and protein catabolism are key strategies for nutritional treatment. This should be adapted to each disease stage because it is a dynamic process. Conclusions: Nutritional treatment for immunological disorders, especially in autoimmune diseases, is not always clear because they present acute and remission states. Anorexia is one of the most characteristic symptoms derived mainly from pharmacological treatment and inflammatory processes. Diet should be dense in nutrients that prevent deterioration. Nutritional treatment of immunological disorders should aim to maintain an optimal state of nutrition during symptomatic periods, prevent their deterioration during acute episodes and improve during stable periods free of symptoms.

Palabras clave : Nutrition; Immune disorders; Omega-3 fatty acids; Vitamin D.

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