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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611


COSTA, Beatriz-P. et al. Tissular growth factors profile after teduglutide administration on an animal model of intestinal anastomosis. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2018, vol.35, n.1, pp.185-193. ISSN 1699-5198.


Teduglutide is an enterotrophic analogue of glucagon-like peptide-2, with an indirect and poorly understood mechanism of action, approved for the rehabilitation of short-bowel syndrome. This study aims to analyze the response of tissue growth factors to surgical injury and teduglutide administration on an animal model of intestinal anastomosis.


Wistar rats (n = 59) were distributed into four groups: "ileal resection" or "laparotomy", each one subdivided into "postoperative teduglutide administration" or "no treatment"; and sacrificed at the third or the seventh day, with ileal sample harvesting. Gene expression of insulin-like growth factor 1 (Igf1), vascular endothelial growth factor a (Vegfa), transforming growth factor β1 (Tgfβ1), connective tissue growth factor (Ctgf), fibroblast growth factor 2 (Fgf2), fibroblast growth factor 7 (Fgf7), epidermal growth factor (Egf), heparin-binding epidermal-like growth factor (Hbegf), platelet-derived growth factor b (Pdgfb) and glucagon-like peptide 2 receptor (Glp2r) was studied by real-time polymerase chain reaction.


Upregulation of Fgf7, Fgf2, Egf, Vegfa and Glp2r at the third day and of Pdgf at the seventh day was verified in the perianastomotic segment. Teduglutide administration was associated with higher fold-change of relative gene expression of Vegfa (3.6 ± 1.3 vs. 1.9 ± 2.0, p = 0.0001), Hbegf (2.2 ± 2.3 vs. 1.1 ± 0.9, p = 0.001), Igf1 (1.6 ± 7.6 vs. 0.9 ± 0.7, p = 0.002) and Ctgf (1.1 ± 2.1 vs. 0.6 ± 2.0,


Those results underscore the recognized role of Igf1 and Hbegf as molecular mediators of the effects of teduglutide and suggest that other humoral factors, like Vegf and Ctgf, may also be relevant in the perioperative context. Induction of Vegfa, Igf1 and Ctgf gene expressions might indicate a favorable influence of teduglutide on the intestinal anastomotic healing.

Keywords : Teduglutide; Growth factors; Intestinal anastomosis; Vascular endothelial growth factor; Connective tissue growth factor.

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