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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611


RODENAS-ESTEVE, Irene; WANDEN-BERGHE, Carmina  and  SANZ-VALERO, Javier. Effects of nutritional status on the multiple sclerosis disease: systematic review. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2018, vol.35, n.1, pp.211-223. ISSN 1699-5198.


To review the available scientific literature about the effects of nutritional status on the multiple sclerosis disease.


A systematic review of the scientific literature in the Medline (PubMed), Scopus, Cochrane Library and Web of Science databases through November 2016. Search equation: ("Multiple Sclerosis"[Mesh] OR "Multiple Sclerosis"[Title/Abstract] OR "Disseminated Sclerosis"[Title/Abstract] OR "Multiple Sclerosis Acute Fulminating"[Title/Abstract]) AND ("Nutritional Status"[Mesh] OR "Nutritional Status"[Title/Abstract] OR "Nutrition Status"[Title/Abstract]). The quality of the selected articles was discussed using the STROBE questionnaire. The search was completed through experts inquiry and additional review of the bibliographic references included in the selected papers. The concordance between authors (Kappa index) had to be higher than 80% for inclusion in this review.


Of the 160 references recovered, after applying inclusion and exclusion criteria, 29 articles were selected for review. Concordance between evaluators was 100.00%. The most studies established vitamin D levels. Others focused their research on finding out which nutrient deficits might be related to the multiple sclerosis development.


Vitamin D may influence multiple sclerosis improvement. Sunlight and physical activity would be important factors, with nutritional status, in the course of this disease. It is necessary to produce new specific works that will delve into the subject to find out more about the relationship between nutritional status and multiple sclerosis.

Keywords : Multiple sclerosis; Nutritional status; Vitamin D; 25 hidroxyvitamin D.

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