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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611


ARANTES, Suzana Souza; SILVA JR, João Manoel; AGUILAR-NASCIMENTO, José Eduardo de  and  DOCK-NASCIMENTO, Diana Borges. Effects of intravenous fluid overload on caloric and protein deficit in critically ill patients. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2018, vol.35, n.5, pp.1017-1023.  Epub Jan 20, 2020. ISSN 1699-5198.


intravenous fluid overload may lead to dysmotility that may impair early enteral nutrition delivery in critically ill patients.


this study aimed to compare the volume of intravenous fluids (IF) with the occurrence of caloric and protein deficits in Intensive Care Unit (ICU) patients.


this cohort study included critically ill patients with mechanical ventilation and receiving early enteral nutrition (target: 25-30 kcal/kg/day and 1.25-2.0 g of protein/kg/day). Over the first five days the volume of IF infused and caloric/protein deficits were calculated.


eighty-six critically ill patients (SAPS III score: 62 ± 10) with a mean age of 68 (18-91) years were enrolled. Patients received a median of 2,969 (920-5,960) ml/day of IF, which corresponded to a median of 41.6 (17.0-88.2) ml/kg/day and 10.7 (3.31-21.45) g of sodium/day. All patients had a caloric deficit (mean: 1,812 ± 850 kcal over five days) and in 23 (27%) this deficit exceeded 480 kcal/day. The mean protein deficit was 94.6 ± 5.9 g over five days, and 34 patients (40%) had more than 20 g of deficit/day. Patients with caloric deficit greater than 480 kcal/day received approximately 1.5 l of IF and 10 g of NaCl more than the other patients. Similarly, patients with protein deficit greater than 20 g/day received approximately 3 l of IF and 25 g of NaCl more than the other patients. Mortality was greater in patients with critical protein deficit (69% vs 41.1%; p = 0.01).


in critically ill patients receiving enteral nutrition, the volume of intravenous fluids infused affected nutrition delivery and increased caloric and protein deficits.

Keywords : Critical car; Intravenous fluid; Enteral nutrition; Caloric deficit; Protein deficit.

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