SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.35 special issue 5The evolution of nutritional status inequalities in the South of the region of Valencia: an anthropometric analysis of Elche and Orihuela between 1840 and 1984Height cohorts and district of residence in the city of Madrid during the 20th century author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links

  • On index processCited by Google
  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO
  • On index processSimilars in Google


Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611


GONZALEZ MONTERO DE ESPINOSA, Marisa; LOPEZ EJEDA, Noemí  and  MARRODAN SERRANO, Mª Dolores. Antropometry in 1887-1936 summer camps for schoolchildren from Madrid. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2018, vol.35, n.spe5, pp.76-82.  Epub July 06, 2020. ISSN 1699-5198.


the Museo Pedagógico Nacional (MPN) organized summer camps for the poorest schoolchildren of both sexes (1887-1926). The Former Students of the Institución Libre de Enseñanza (CAAILE) also organized theirs (1894-1936). Numerous anthropometric variables were taken at the beginning and the end of Camps.


compare the nutritional status of young people upon arrival in the camps with contemporary references. Analyze the received food and determine its suitability. Check the impact of this diet on the nutritional status of the individuals.


the sample consists of 2937 individuals (1720 males and 1217 females), from 6 to 17 years old. Two age groups have been established (≤ 11 and > 11 years). Diet information in the camps has been collected and its quality estimated, using the KidMed questionnaire. Height, weight, mamillary circumference and right and left dynamometry data were collected. Respective Body Mass Indexes (BMI) have been estimated. Measures at the end of the Camps were compared to those at the beginning of them, according to age and sex. BMI / age and height / age (according to WHO) categories have been also compared at the beginning and the end of Camps, by age group and sex. The software SPSS v.22 and the AnthroPlus of the WHO have been used.

Results and conclusions:

diet analysis shows that it was balanced and healthy. Individuals BMI at the beginning of the camp was inferior to that of their contemporaries. The received food had a positive effect on their nutritional status.

Keywords : Summer camps for schoolchildren; Nutritional status; Anthropometric measures; 19th-20th centuries Spain; Schoolchildren.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf )