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Nutrición Hospitalaria

versión On-line ISSN 1699-5198versión impresa ISSN 0212-1611


UYAR, Gizem Özata; COşKUN, Ayfer Beyaz; GOKALP, Gökhan  y  KOKSAL, Eda. Association of Mediterranean diet and anthropometric measures with quality of life in coronary artery disease patients. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2019, vol.36, n.3, pp.674-680.  Epub 17-Feb-2020. ISSN 1699-5198.


the Mediterranean diet (MD) and ideal body weight are associated with a reduction in the risk of chronic diseases, but their association with health-related quality of life (HRQL) is not clear.


the aim of this study was to assess the association between adherence to MD and the HRQL and anthropometric measurements in coronary artery disease patients.


this cross-sectional study was carried out in 55 women and 84 men who were diagnosed with coronary artery disease by a physician. Anthropometric indices were measured, MD adherence was evaluated with a 14-item questionnaire and the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) was used for HRQL.


mean age in males was 63.0 ± 9.7 years and mean age in females was 63.1 ± 10.1 years. Prevalence of overweight and obesity was 53.5% and 40.5%, respectively, in men and 14.5% and 83.6%, respectively, in women. Adherence to the MD was assessed and the median values were found statistically higher in male patients (p < 0.05). A significant positive correlation was found between MD and all physical component summary (PCS, its subscale) and most mental component summary (MCS) (except emotional role, social health subscale) (p < 0.05). Inverse significant associations were found between BMI, waist circumference, waist/height ratio, percent of body fat and both PCS and MCS (including most subscales).


adoption of healthy dietary habits (adherence to the Mediterranean diet) by the participants and optimal anthropometric measurements may be considered as a possible contributor to HRQL.

Palabras clave : Cardiovascular disease; Mediterranean diet; Mental health; Physical health; Body composition.

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