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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611


MAZUR, Caryna Eurich; ZAGO, Renata Carolyne Chavoni; SCHIEFERDECKER, Maria Eliana Madalozzo  and  MALUF, Eliane Mara Cesário Pereira. Home enteral nutrition: clinical-nutritional analysis and outcomes of 10 years of public policy. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2019, vol.36, n.4, pp.758-763.  Epub Feb 17, 2020. ISSN 1699-5198.

Background and aims:

home enteral nutrition (HEN) is an established treatment for clinically stable patients. The objective of this study was to determine the frequency and the situation of patients in HEN, in the capital city in the south of Brazil.


in this retrospective study, we recorded all new cases of HEN in adults in Curitiba, Brazil, from January 2006 to December 2015. Data were collected by a dietitian from medical records of patients attending public health settings. The following data were analyzed: clinical diagnosis, diet prescribed during hospitalization and at discharge, and feeding access types. Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression analyses were used to calculate survival.


a total of 1,231 patients were included. There was a 425% increase in the frequency of HEN over the years studied. The mean age was 66.7 years, and 54.4% were men. Neurological diseases were the most prevalent (46.4%), followed by cancer (33.6%). Eight hundred and one patients (65.1%) died during this period. Mean HEN duration was 180 days (95% CI 163.6-193.4), with a significant difference between neurological diseases (median: 180 days) and cancer (median: 210 days) (p < 0.05). Neurological disease was an independent risk factor for mortality in patients on HEN (HR: 1.17; CI: 1.08-1.27).


the study shows an increase in HEN. Neurological diseases prevailed and presented a risk of mortality, and more than half of the patients with NED died in this period.

Keywords : Enteral feeding; Enteral nutrition; Adults; Elderly.

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