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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611


BARBOSA-CORTES, Lourdes et al. Android/gynecoid ratio as a prognostic factor for dyslipidemia in pediatric patients with chronic kidney disease. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2019, vol.36, n.4, pp.792-798.  Epub Feb 17, 2020. ISSN 1699-5198.


there are multiple factors that increase the presence of dyslipidemia in chronic kidney disease (CKD).


to determine if the android/gynecoid ratio (A/GR) has utility as a cardiometabolic factor for dyslipidemia in pediatric patients with chronic renal failure.

Materials and methods:

cohort study. Patients with terminal CKD in peritoneal dialysis and hemodialysis were included. Determinations of body composition, body mass index (BMI), and lipid profile were assessed for each patient. Subsequently, somatometry and lipid profile were performed at 6 and 12 months of follow-up. Statistical analysis: to identify the difference between the initial somatic and biochemical variables, and at 6 and 12 months, the Friedman test was applied. The Spearman coefficient determined the correlation of bodily and biochemical variables.


twenty-one patients were analyzed. Triglycerides (TGL) serum at 12 months of follow-up increased significantly (6 vs 12 months, p = 0.05), without evidence of an increase in the Z score of the BMI (p = 0.98) or total cholesterol (p = 0.49). Body fat, fat percentage and Z score BMI did not correlate with changes in cholesterol and triglyceride levels at 6 and 12 months; however, the A/GI presented a statistically significant association with the change in serum concentrations of TGL at 6 (r = 0.65, p = 0.003) and 12 months of follow-up (r = 0.54, p = 0.02).


the A/GI showed an association with the increase in the serum concentration of TGL at 12 months of follow-up.

Keywords : Dyslipidemia; Chronic kidney disease; Central obesity; Cardiovascular disease; Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA); Android/gynecoid ratio.

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