SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.37 issue1Adherence to Mediterranean diet is not associated with birthweight - Results form a sample of Canarian pregnant womenValidation of a short food frequency questionnaire in small children author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links

  • On index processCited by Google
  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO
  • On index processSimilars in Google


Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611


BARJA-FERNANDEZ, Silvia; PINO JUSTE, Margarita; PORTELA PINO, Iago  and  LEIS, Rosaura. Evaluation of food habits and physical activity in Galician students. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2020, vol.37, n.1, pp.93-100.  Epub June 08, 2020. ISSN 1699-5198.


obesity causes millions of deaths each year. Its high prevalence in children and adolescents from southern European countries, including Spain, is associated with the new food preferences and decreased physical activity.


to evaluate diet quality and physical activity in Galician schoolchildren in order to assess if modifying the current intervention strategies in lifestyles is required.


in the present study, 662 students from the south of Galicia were studied (9-17 years). Body mass index (BMI) was calculated as adiposity indicator. The dietary pattern was evaluated through the Kidmed test and physical activity with PAQ-C. The sample was stratified by BMI according to Cole international standards. Data were analysed with the SPPS software.


fifty-six per cent of children are at high risk of overnutrition or need to improve their nutrition. The average adherence to the Mediterranean diet was low (7.64 ± 2.28), worsening with age and adiposity significantly. The average level of physical activity was moderate (3.02 ± 0.74) and it was lower in girls and adolescents; 58 % showed a low-moderate level of physical activity. Quality diet was positively correlated with physical activity and negatively with BMI.


Galician students showed a diet and physical activity risky pattern according to international/national recommendations. After several years of awareness campaigns and lifestyle interventions, improving their diet and increasing physical activity is still necessary.

Keywords : Physical activity; Mediterranean diet; Schoolchildren; Healthy habits; Obesity; Prevention.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf )