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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611


KOVALSKYS, Irina et al. Poverty as a determinant of food quality in Argentina. Results of the Argentine Study of Nutrition and Health (EANS). Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2020, vol.37, n.1, pp.114-122.  Epub June 08, 2020. ISSN 1699-5198.


socio-economic differences lead to food and nutritional inequalities. Diet is a modifiable risk factor by public health activities, on the way to the prevention of chronic non-communicable diseases.


to estimate food inequalities in Argentina based on the socioeconomic level of the population, analyzing the consumption of different food groups.


Argentine data from the Latin American Study of Nutrition and Health. Sample: 1,266 individuals stratified by gender, socioeconomic level and geographic region. Intake: 2 24-hour reminders with the multi-step technique. Analysis: with the NDS Software average consumption values of 11 food groups were analyzed by socioeconomic level and country region.


the population with lower socioeconomic status consumes significantly less fruits, vegetables and dairy products than the population with medium to high socioeconomic level. Fruits: 59 vs. 79.1 and 106.3 g/d, respectively; p = 0.000. Vegetables: 82.3 g/d vs. 112 and 118 g/d; p = 0.000. Dairy products: 114 g/d vs. 165 and 137 g/d; p = 0.000). On the contrary, it consumes a greater volume of soft drinks and industrial juices (680 mL/d vs. 527 and 590 mL/d, respectively; p = 0.000), infusions with added sugar (568 mL/d vs. 385 and 309 mL/d; p = 0.000), bread (85 g/d vs. 75.5 and 66.7 g/d; p = 0.012) and pastries (159 g/d vs. 147 and 122 g/d; p = 0.008).


Social vulnerability is an important determinant for diet quality. Interventions designed to reduce social inequalities as linked to nutrition and health are essential.

Keywords : Diet; Argentina; Socioeconomic status; Nutrition surveys; ELANS.

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