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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611


NANCUVIL-SUAZO, Carlos et al. Rapid weight gain in wrestling athletes during the Panamerican Championship, Lima, 2018. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2020, vol.37, n.3, pp.584-588.  Epub Nov 30, 2020. ISSN 1699-5198.


to avoid rapid body mass fluctuations and the associated effects on health and performance, some combat sports federations have made changes to regulations.


the objective of this study was to analyze the impact of the Rapid Weight Gain on sporting success in elite Olympic wrestling athletes under the new weigh-in procedure.


the body mass of 75 athletes was recorded during the Pan-American Olympic wrestling Championship (Lima, 2018), corresponding to 29 % of the total universe of competitors (n = 255). Of these, 29 were Greco-Roman style, eight freestyle, and 38 women´s wrestling. The official weigh-in was carried out between 8: 00 and 8: 30 hours. As for the second weigh-in, this was done with the same official weigh-in scale, immediately before the first match (between 10: 00 and 11: 00 hours). Rapid Weight Gain after weigh-in was compared between medalist and non-medalist athletes.


when analyzing the difference between medalists and non-medalists, no significant differences were found in Greco-Roman athletes (t = 0.114; p = 0.910; r = 0.022), in freestyle (Mann-Whitney U = 5,500; p = 0.486; r = 0.000), in women´s wrestling (Mann-Whitney U = 163.0; p = 0.774; r = 0.124), and in all competitors (Mann-Whitney U = 641.5; p = 0.855; r = 0.037).


no significant differences were found between medalist and non-medalist athletes in any of the Olympic wrestling styles.

Keywords : Martial arts; Athletic performance; Weight loss; Body weight changes.

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