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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611


DIAZ-PIZARRO GRAF, José Ignacio et al. ASPEN-FELANPE Clinical Guidelines: Nutrition Support of Adult Patients with Enterocutaneous Fistula. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2020, vol.37, n.4, pp.875-885.  Epub Dec 14, 2020. ISSN 1699-5198.


the management of patients with enterocutaneous fistula (ECF) requires an interdisciplinary approach and poses a significant challenge to surgeons, gastroenterologists, intensivists, wound/stoma care specialists, and nutrition support clinicians. Available guidelines for optimizing nutritional status in these patients are often vague, based on limited and dated clinical studies, and typically rely on individual or institutional experience. Specific nutrient requirements, appropriate route of feeding, role of immune-enhancing nutrients, and use of somatostatin analogs in the management of patients with ECF remain a challenge for the clinician. The purpose of this clinical guideline is to develop recommendations for the nutritional care of adult patients with ECF.


a systematic review of the best available evidence to answer a series of questions regarding clinical management of adults with ECF was undertaken and evaluated using concepts adopted from the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) Working Group. An anonymous consensus process was used to develop the clinical guideline recommendations prior to peer review and approval by the A.S.P.E.N. and FELANPE Board of Directors.


in adult patients with enterocutaneous fistula: 1) What factors best describe nutritional status? 2) What is the preferred route of nutritional therapy (oral diet, EN or PN)? 3) What protein and energy intake provide best clinical outcomes? 4) Is fistuloclysis associated with better outcomes than standard care? 5) Are immune-enhancing nutrients associated with better outcomes? 6) Does the use of somatostatin provide better outcomes than standard medical therapy? 7) When is home parenteral nutrition support indicated?

Keywords : Gastrointestinal tract fistula; Enterocutaneous fistula; Nutritional therapy.

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