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Nutrición Hospitalaria

versión On-line ISSN 1699-5198versión impresa ISSN 0212-1611


PRIMO MARTIN, David et al. A real-world study to evaluate a peptidic oral supplement in adults with altered intestinal function after parenteral nutrition. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2021, vol.38, n.2, pp.221-227.  Epub 24-Mayo-2021. ISSN 1699-5198.


in routine clinical practice many disorders are found that can disrupt the sequence of reactions in digestion and absorption, leading to malnutrition and requiring the use of oral nutritional supplements (ONS). The objective of our study was to evaluate in a real world setting the use of and compliance with a peptide-based ONS in malnourished adult patients with intestinal compromise after more than 14 days of parenteral nutrition.

Material and methods

the study was carried out in 44 malnourished patients who required total parenteral nutrition for at least 14 days without using the oral route during their hospital stay. All patients were administered, on an outpatient basis, 1 brick per day of Vital 1.5® for 12 weeks. At the beginning of treatment and after the intervention period evaluated, the following variables were collected: weight, height, body mass index (BMI), global subjective assessment test, nutritional biochemistry, 3-day nutritional survey, adverse effects generated by the formula, and completion rate.


44 patients were enrolled. Mean age was 70.4 ± 10.4 years (20 women & 24 men). After the intervention the following parameters had increased: BMI (0.51 ± 0.1 kg/m2; p = 0.02), weight (1.4 ± 0.3 kg; p = 0.03), prealbumin (3.5 ± 4.1 mg/dl; p = 0.01), albumin (1.3 ± 0.1 mg/dl; p = 0.03), and transferrin (71.5 ± 24.1 mg/dl; p = 0.02). Dietary intake of the ONS represented 14.4 % of the diet’s total caloric intake at 3 months, 17.5 % of carbohydrates, 12.9 % of proteins, and 12.3 % of fats. Mean compliance was 87.7 ± 7.2 % of the prescribed intakes. In relation to the nutritional situation, at the beginning of the study, 52.3 % (n = 23) of patients were in the global subjective assessment test in category B (moderate malnutrition or nutritional risk), and 47.7 % (n = 21) in category C (severe malnutrition). After the intervention, 75 % of patients were in category A (n = 33), 13.6 % (n = 6) in category B, and 11.4 % (n = 5) in category C.


the use of a peptide-based ONS with short-chain triglycerides in outpatients showed a beneficial effect on biochemical and anthropometric parameters, and improved the nutritional status of patients with high compliance and good tolerance rates.

Palabras clave : Malnutrition; Real-world study; Peptidic oral nutritional suplement; Parenteral nutrition.

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