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Nutrición Hospitalaria

versión On-line ISSN 1699-5198versión impresa ISSN 0212-1611


GARCIA LUNA, Pedro Pablo et al. Analysis of nutritional interventions in the care process of oncological patients in Andalusia - The NOA project. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2021, vol.38, n.4, pp.758-764.  Epub 27-Sep-2021. ISSN 1699-5198.


malnutrition in cancer patients can lead to a reduction in patient quality of life, increased morbidity and mortality, and associated healthcare costs.


to analyze nutritional interventions in the different phases of the oncological process, integrating the needs of patients and those of healthcare professionals.

Material and methods:

"Design Thinking" techniques were used to address the analysis of the current situation and identify key aspects. Thirteen professionals from 8 public health centers (endocrinology and nutrition, medical and radiotherapy oncology, primary care (PC), nursing and dietetics) participated in the study.


nutritional screening is not carried out in a systematic way in the different phases of the oncological process, and there is no universal consensus on the protocols for action and nutritional intervention. A wide compliance with the pathways and referral times of the selected processes has been observed. In the therapeutic phase, there is the possibility of consulting the Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics Unit (UNCYD) and 75 % have specific referral protocols. The nurse case manager is present in all hospitals and in PC. Patient access to the center psychologist was possible in 87 % of the hospitals. Participation of the UNCYD in Tumor Committees was low (only in 25 % of the centers). In all centers there is some kind of collaboration and support by patient associations and the School of Patients, especially in the therapeutic and the control and follow-up phases.


variations are observed between the different hospitals and areas in Andalusia, both in terms of means and structures and in activities and procedures. Key points have been selected and prioritized to improve nutritional care in oncology.

Palabras clave : Malnutrition; Cancer; Nutritional assessment; Clinical nutrition.

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