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Nutrición Hospitalaria

versión On-line ISSN 1699-5198versión impresa ISSN 0212-1611


RODRIGUEZ-RODRIGUEZ, Elena et al. Involvement of egg antioxidant components in macular protection and vision improvement. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2021, vol.38, n.spe2, pp.9-12.  Epub 01-Nov-2021. ISSN 1699-5198.

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is an ocular pathology that occurs with excess free radicals, which damages the photoreceptors of the retina producing a disability in the pigment epithelium, which leads, in the most advanced cases, to severe and irreversible vision loss. Lutein and zeaxanthin (L & Z) intake, which are abundant pigments in the macula and have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory action, as well as a role as blue light filter, seem to have a positive effect on the prevention of AMD. These carotenoids cannot be synthesized in the body and must be ingested with the diet. Green leafy vegetables and eggs are the main sources. The former have a higher L & Z content than the latter, but their bioavailability is lower, due to the lipid matrix of the egg yolk, which improves absorption. In relation to the consumption of eggs and AMD prevention, short-term consumption has been associated with an increase in serum concentrations of L & Z, long-term consumption with an increase in the density of macular pigment, and very long- term consumption with a decrease in the risk of developing advanced and neovascular AMD. These facts highlight the advantages of consuming eggs, which should be incorporated into the usual diet in order to minimize the progression of this ocular disease.

Palabras clave : Lutein; Zeaxanthin; Eggs; Age-related macular degeneration.

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