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Nutrición Hospitalaria

versión On-line ISSN 1699-5198versión impresa ISSN 0212-1611


ZARATE-OSUNA, Fernando et al. Cardiovascular Health School Program (PESCA). Methodology and initial results: 2018-2020. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2021, vol.38, n.spe2, pp.54-59.  Epub 01-Nov-2021. ISSN 1699-5198.


despite the fact that 40 % of children in Spain, ages 6 to 9, are overweight or obese, and 2/3 of them are at risk of developing cardiovascular disease, there is a lack of protocolized efficient interventions to fight this important health problem. The PESCA project aims to reduce the prevalence of overweight and obesity with a transversal model focused on a school intervention, but also involving families and primary care doctors, to increase the quantity and quality of physical activity (PA) and improve eating habits.


a 5-step protocol was carried out at schools: 1) family and personal background questionnaire for children; 2) body mass index (BMI); 3) bioimpedance corporal composition (BIA); 4) hand grip dynamometry (DIN); and 5) medical physical examination. As a result, each subject received a medical report about his/her diagnosis of body weight and composition and cardiovascular health, and also recommendations to improve eating habits and increase physical activity.


in the first two years of PESCA, the weekly time of physical activity has significantly increased among participants (up to 20.12 %; p < 0.001). In addition, the prevalence of overweight/obesity has significantly declined in both girls and children under 6 years of age (35.78 % and 58.92 %; p < 0.05, respectively).


the school, pediatrician, and family working together on a transversal intervention has shown effectiveness in reducing the lack of diagnosis and prevalence of overweight and obesity in children.

Palabras clave : Overweight; Childhood obesity; Physical activity; Eating habits.

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