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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611


DOMINGUEZ-RODRIGUEZ, Alejandro; CEBOLLA, Ausiàs; NAVARRO, Jessica  and  BANOS, Rosa. Nutritional education knowledge of teachers and nutritionists in four European countries. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2023, vol.40, n.1, pp.136-143.  Epub Apr 17, 2023. ISSN 1699-5198.


the aim of this study was to examine the perception of professionals from four European countries in charge of teaching Nutrition Education (NE) to children in primary schools or hospitals.


this was achieved through an exploratory study that initiated with two focus groups, one with 5 elementary school teachers and another with 14 nutritionists. From the results of it an online survey was designed and distributed internationally to elementary schools and professional clinics in Spain, Italy, Norway, and Austria. The participants were 75 elementary school teachers and 98 nutritionists. It was measured the level of knowledge of teachers and nutritionists to teach NE, and the level of nutritional knowledge of the children in their respective country. Descriptive statistics were conducted, one-factor ANOVAs to analyze the effect of nationality, and when a significant interaction was found, a post-hoc analysis using Bonferroni adjustment was applied.


the results indicated that forty-one percent of the participants considered they have “adequate” theoretical knowledge to teach NE. Only 27 % considered they had “adequate” pedagogical training. A significant effect was found: F(3,168) = 17.37, p < 0.001, η2p = 0.24. Regarding the levels of NE knowledge of children, from lowest to highest, there were Spain, Italy, Austria, and Norway. Also, it was observed that professionals and children from Spain and Italy were more affected with less knowledge and training regarding NE.


these results could help governments and educational organizations of the affected countries to take decisions to tackle this problematic.

Keywords : Nutrition education; Survey; School teachers; Nutritionists; Europe.

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