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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611


DA SILVA-LIRA-BATISTA, Marta Maria et al. Effects of neuromodulation on executive functions and food desires in individuals with obesity: a systematic review. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2023, vol.40, n.1, pp.177-185.  Epub Apr 17, 2023. ISSN 1699-5198.


to describe the effects of neuromodulation on the performance of executive functions in overweight and/or individuals with obesity.


articles published in PubMed, ScienceDirect, BIREME, and Web of Science databases were selected using the following combination of descriptors: (“problem solving” OR “executive function” OR memory) AND (tDCS OR TMS) AND obesity. After applying the selection criteria, 08 articles were included for analysis.


the articles included had an average of 30.1 participants per study, with a minimum of 12 and a maximum of 76. The overall nutritional status ranged from underweight to grade 3 obesity, and the general mean body mass index was 28,1 kg/m2. Regarding the instruments used to assess executive functions, the most frequent were: the flanker paradigm; binocular rivalry for Continuous Flash Suppression (bCFS/NoCFS); Stroop task; Go/No-Go task; and N-back task. The primary outcomes were dependent on the neuromodulation target site. Reduced food craving and improved performance in the active group were observed from decreased response time and increased precision in cognitive tasks.


neuromodulation can generate changes in executive functions, reducing food cravings in overweight and individuals with obesity.

Keywords : Systematic review; Neuropsychology; Transcranial direct current stimulation; Transcranial magnetic stimulation; Obesity management.

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