SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.40 special issue 2Anorexia nervosa, microbiota and brainProtocol of action in the dietary and nutritional approach in patients with dysphagia author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links

  • On index processCited by Google
  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO
  • On index processSimilars in Google


Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611


SALAS-GONZALEZ, María Dolores; LORIA-KOHEN, Viviana; JIMENEZ-ORTEGA, Ana Isabel  and  LOPEZ-SOBALER, Ana M. Nutritional factors related to insulin resistance in children and adolescents. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2023, vol.40, n.spe2, pp.51-54.  Epub Dec 18, 2023. ISSN 1699-5198.

Insulin resistance is described as a defect in the binding of insulin to its receptor and is associated with several diseases, including obesity and type 2 diabetes. Insulin resistance has been linked to vitamin and mineral deficiencies, especially those involved in oxidative stress. The Mediterranean diet, a diet based on the Healthy Eating Index or the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet are dietary patterns that have been associated with a lower risk of developing insulin resistance in children. Therefore, a diet rich in antioxidant vitamins and minerals, fiber, calcium, and polyunsaturated fatty acids and low in free sugars, sodium and saturated fatty acids may decrease the risk of insulin resistance in this age group. In addition, other nutritional factors, such as avoiding fast food, eating dinner with the family, not eating while watching TV or eating a sufficient and healthy breakfast on a regular basis seem to be associated with a lower risk of insulin resistance. Therefore, it is important to establish balanced daily eating habits to prevent and treat insulin resistance in schoolchildren and adolescents.

Keywords : Insulin resistance; Children; Teenagers; Diet; Breakfast.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf )