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Anales de Medicina Interna

versión impresa ISSN 0212-7199


MARTIN SUAREZ, I. et al. Quality of life, psychological and social aspects in patients with advanced HIV disease. An. Med. Interna (Madrid) [online]. 2002, vol.19, n.8, pp.20-28. ISSN 0212-7199.

Objective: The advanced HIV infection carries an important physical, psychological and quality of life deterioration for patients. The introduction of new treatment strategies probably implies a global benefit for HIV patients. We carried out this study in order to know in HIV advanced patients; the clinical situation, the prevalence of psychological alterations (anxiety and depression), the quality of life and the impact of the introduction of new antiretroviral drugs about these variables.  Methods: This is a prospective observational study carried out between January of 1996 and June of 1997 with 52 advanced HIV patients (CD4 cells less than 200 /µl). We carried out 2 clinical interviews with an interval of 12 months being introduced after the first one a change of strategy of antiretroviral treatment. For evaluating the quality of life, the MOS SF-36 was used. The valuation of the anxiety and depression were carried out with the instruments STAI and Beck respectively.  Results: An important physical deterioration was found at the beginning of the study with 84.6% of polisymptomatic patients. We found a high prevalence of anxiety (76.9%) and depression (86.6%) that reaches criteria of graveness respectively in 75% and 25% of the cases. The quality of life was severely affected involving most of the dimensions of the SF-36 scale preserving the social function. The introduction of the change of therapeutic strategy produces a reduction of polisymptomtics patients to 54.8% (p=0.05), of the graveness of the anxiety (p=0.009) and depression (p=0.05) and improving in the perception of general health (p=0.03) and alterations of physical role (p=0.02).  Conclusions: The advanced HIV infection carries a high symptomatic load with a high prevalence of psychological dysfunctions.

Palabras clave : HIV infection; Advanced disease; Quality of life.

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