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Anales de Medicina Interna

Print version ISSN 0212-7199


RAMOS PAESA, C. et al. Valuation of APRI and forns models for non-invasive diagnosis of fibrosis in patients with hepatitis C in coinfected and non-coinfected with HIV. An. Med. Interna (Madrid) [online]. 2007, vol.24, n.8, pp.369-374. ISSN 0212-7199.

Background: APRI and Forns (IF) index are noninvasive models consisting of routine laboratory data for the prediction of liver fibrosis in patients with chronic hepatitis C. The aim of our study was to confirm the value of these models to predict significant fibrosis in these patients and if they may decrease the need for performing liver biopsy specimens in coinfected and HIVnon-coinfected. Patients and method: We included 60 patients with chronic hepatitis C and histologic data, 33 were coinfected with HIV. Mild fibrosis (F0-F1) was found in 73% patients, severe fibrosis (F3-F4) in 23% and cirrhosis in 18.3%. We calculated and compared APRI and IF with the stage of liver fibrosis. Results: The APRI score < 0.5 or > 1.5 and IF < 4.2 or > 6.9, as predictors of mild or severe fibrosis, were only available in 53% and 49%. Neither laboratory nor APRI and IF were associated with liver fibrosis in non-coinfected patients. We only found association in HIV coinfected patients: severe fibrosis (F3-4) whit higher gammaglobulins [24.5% vs. 30% (p < 0.05)] and Gamma-GT levels [77 (46.5) vs. 32 (48.5) (p < 0.05)], and lower prothrombin time [72% vs. 91% (p < 0.05) ] and platelets.109 count [129 (40) vs. 170 (78) (p < 0.05)]; APRI was lower than 0.5 in 41.6% patients with mild fibrosis (F0-1) against none with severe (F3-4) (p < 0.05); specifity (E) of APRI < 0.5 for predicting mild fibrosis was 100%, but sensivity (S) was very low (41%), with a positive preditive value (VPP) of 100%, but a negative predictive value (VPN) also very low ( 36.3%). Conclusions: Our study showed that these models don't avoid the need for liver biopsies. More than a half of patients are not appropriately classified according to findings on liver biopsy and S and VPN are very low. The combination of these index with gammaglobulins, Gamma-GT, AST, ALT and platelet levels and protrombine time, only may be an approach to degree of fibrosis or inflammation liver in HIV co-infected patients.

Keywords : Non-invasive methods; Hepatitis C; Fibrosis.

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