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Anales de Psicología

On-line version ISSN 1695-2294Print version ISSN 0212-9728


PENA-PINZON, José Andrés; GOMEZ-BERROCAL, Carmen  and  FERNANDEZ-PARRA, Antonio. The role of social categorization and sociodemographic differences in self-esteem, psychological adjustment and well-being of a sample of immigrants. Anal. Psicol. [online]. 2014, vol.30, n.2, pp.560-572. ISSN 1695-2294.

It explores the effect of the salience of social categorization immigrant and their interaction with sociodemographic differences (level of education, employment status, sex) of subjects in psychological adjustment, psychological well-being and self-esteem. 210 immigrants from South America, living in the provinces of Granada and Almeria, were distributed in two experimental conditions: "salience low / high social categorization immigrant." We found the handling effect on measures of belonging and identity (collective self-esteem), individual self-esteem, anxiety subscale (SA-45) and welfare. When is low (vs. high) salience of social categorization, subjects had better self-esteem, less anxiety and less labor welfare. The sex is associated with experimental manipulation in private and public scales (collective self-esteem) and somatization, depression and anxiety (SA-45). Men for whom it is less salient present immigration status optimum results. The educational level and employment status are associated with psychological adjustment: unemployed subjects (versus those who are working) and of basic or no education (vs. those in high school or college) have worse adjustment.

Keywords : Immigrants; social categorization; sociodemographic differences; psychological adjustment; psychological well-being; self esteem; collective self-esteem.

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