SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.35 issue2Evaluation of early life experiences: the ELES scale and its clinical useSexting behaviour in adolescents: personality predictors and psychosocial consequences in a one-year follow-up author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links

  • On index processCited by Google
  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO
  • On index processSimilars in Google


Anales de Psicología

On-line version ISSN 1695-2294Print version ISSN 0212-9728


RUIZ-IRIONDO, María et al. Global functioning among middle-aged patients with chronic schizophrenia: the role of medication, working memory and verbal comprehension. Anal. Psicol. [online]. 2019, vol.35, n.2, pp.204-213.  Epub Nov 02, 2020. ISSN 1695-2294.

The chronic phase of schizophrenia is characterized by illness progression and patients encountering difficulties to return to premorbid level of functioning. The objective of this study was to describe the characteristics of a sample of patients with chronic schizophrenia, as well to assess differences between patients under and over 45 years of age. In a clinical sample of 77 chronic schizophrenia patients, we assessed basic symptoms, cognitive performance, social functioning and quality of life. All participants obtained very high scores in residual symptoms, and no differences in sociodemographic or clinical characteristics between the age groups were found. Younger patients had better cognitive performance and older patients obtained better scores for social functioning and quality of life. Number of psychotropic drugs, verbal learning delayed of SCIP, errors in WCST, Similarities and Digit Symbol Coding of WAIS were the most important variables to predict global functioning of patients over 45 years old. Increasing our understanding of differences in characteristics of the chronic phase of the illness and the profile of functioning at different ages, may help us design intervention strategies to improve adaptation in young and middle-aged patients with chronic schizophrenia.

Keywords : Chronic schizophrenia; Age; Clinical features; Assessment; Functioning; Adaptation to illness.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in English     · English ( pdf )