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Avances en Odontoestomatología

versão On-line ISSN 2340-3152versão impressa ISSN 0213-1285


FESER, Gustavo; FUNOSAS, Esteban; MARI, Gonzalo  e  ESCOVICH, Livia. Oral higiene effectiveness in smoker and non smoker young adults. Av Odontoestomatol [online]. 2003, vol.19, n.3, pp.141-148. ISSN 2340-3152.

This study was carried out on a population of young adult dentistry students. The objectives were to determine the prevalence of smokers in this group and to establish the effectiveness of oral hygiene practices of this group of students. In a first stage, a group of students were asked about their smoking habits, initiating age and amount of cigarettes per day, in order to determine the prevalence of smokers. In a second stage, students were randomized selecting a total of 61 individuals, 32 of them didn't have smoking habits and 29 has it; in order to determine oral hygiene's effectiveness. The age average of non smokers was 23 ±2,109 years old, and of smokers 23,655 ± 1,913 year-old, not existing significant difference between them. Green & Vermillion simplified oral hygiene index was carried out to each student. AlI measures were registered by a gauged examiner to avoid the interexaminer mistake. Information on smoking habits was asked at the end of examination in order to avoid the subjectivity of the clinic examiner. The oral hygiene index assigned for each group was 1,103 (lC 95% 0,344-1,861) for smokers and 1,218 (lC 95% 0,245-2, 191) for non smokers. By confronting data and fixing p value <5%, we conclude that there are no significant differences between the accumulation of supragingival plaque in both groups, and the effectiveness of oral hygiene among young adult smokers and non smokers is similar and acceptable. This study determines smokers prevalence in health-area students, and Iike an advance for future "casecontrol" studies that we'lI carry out in similar populations, in order to control "oral hygiene" variable as a confusin factor in the etiologic causal design that corresponds to the smoking habit.

Palavras-chave : Tobacco smoking; Prevalence; Oral higiene.

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