SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.21 número6Síndrome de Rendu-Osler-Weber o Telangiectasia Hemorrágica Hereditaria (HHT): Descripción de dos casos y revisión de la literaturaEvolución de la prevalencia de caries en una población infantil de Móstoles entre 1988 y 1997 índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
Home Pagelista alfabética de revistas  

Servicios Personalizados




Links relacionados

  • En proceso de indezaciónCitado por Google
  • No hay articulos similaresSimilares en SciELO
  • En proceso de indezaciónSimilares en Google


Avances en Odontoestomatología

versión On-line ISSN 2340-3152versión impresa ISSN 0213-1285


BASCONES MARTINEZ, A et al. Consensus statement on antimicrobial treatment of odontogenic bacterial infections. Av Odontoestomatol [online]. 2005, vol.21, n.6, pp.311-319. ISSN 2340-3152.

The infection of the oral cavity is a common public health problem and constant cause for antibiotic prescription, with 10% of antibiotics used to treat this problem. However, few studies have so far aimed to determine its incidence. Added to this, its relationship with certain sytemic diseases (cardiac, endocrine, etc…) confers this pathology vital importance. In spite of the frequency and importance of odontogenic infection, the current dispersion in criteria regarding key aspects in classification, terminology and therapeutic recommendations is noticeable. The main objective of this document, compiled as a consensus statement by specialists in microbiology and odontology, is to establish useful recommendations for all of those involved in the clinical management of this pathology. Special attention has been placed on the rise in bacterial resistance observed over the last years, specifically the proliferation of betalactamase producing strains. Another important factor causing the resistance to appear is lack of therapeutic compliance, specially what regards dosage and treatment duration. Therefore, this pathology constitutes a complex problem which requires the instauration of broad spectrum antimicrobials, well tolerated and a convenient posology so that patients receive the adequate dose over the necessary period. High doses of amoxicillin/ clavulanate (2000 mg / 125 mg) have showed good results and power to overcome resistance. Other agents such as metronidazole and clindamycin, followed by de claritromycin and azithromycin have also proved to be active against most of microorganisms responsible for odontogenic infection.

Palabras clave : Odontogenic infections; classification; diagnose; treatment; odontogenic microorganisms; resistance; antimicrobial agents; antibiotics; amoxicilin; clawlanic acid; microorganismos; odontogénicos; resistencia; antimicrobianos; antibióticos; amoxicilina [ácido clavulánico].

        · resumen en Español     · texto en Español | Inglés     · Español ( pdf ) | Inglés ( pdf )


Creative Commons License Todo el contenido de esta revista, excepto dónde está identificado, está bajo una Licencia Creative Commons