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Avances en Odontoestomatología

versão On-line ISSN 2340-3152versão impressa ISSN 0213-1285


OTERO REY, E. et al. Oral candidosis in the older patient. Av Odontoestomatol [online]. 2015, vol.31, n.3, pp.135-148. ISSN 2340-3152.

Oral Candidiasis or Candidosis is the infectious disease caused by the growth of colonies of Candida and penetration in the oral tissues when physical barriers and host defenses are altered. It is the most common fungal infection of oral involvement. It is a common infection of the oral cavity in elderly adults. Although the true incidence is unknown, it is known that there is an increased prevalence in certain situations in the elderly: tissue-borne prosthesis, xerostomia or disorders frequently associated. The most characteristic clinical types are pseudomembranous and erythematous (palatal and lingual) form. They may have acute or chronic evolution as the persistence of predisposing factors. They are also frequent mouth commonly associated processes: denture stomatitis, angular cheilitis, rhomboid glossitis and hairy tongue. Most oral candidiasis have a clinical diagnosis, but must be confirmed by demonstrating penetration of candida on the oral mucosa, being the preferred technique smears. Before starting treatment, we must be sure that it is an oral candidiasis, clinical type and predisposing factors associated with infection. Always start eliminating these predisposing factors in the elderly, the polypharmacy, xerostomia, chronic diseases and the use of tissue-borne prostheses are common situations which must be controlled. We will initiate oral hygiene measures and then if necessary, use antifungal drugs, always starting with topical forms.

Palavras-chave : Oral candidiasis; oral mucosa; older patient; gerodontology.

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